What secrets did Caravaggio hide in his last two paintings?
Caravaggio, "denial of St. Peter" (The, Denial, of, StPeter, 1610). Picture: thanks to New York Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York presents two pieces of Caravaggio's work during his last days of life. This exhibition reflects artists born legendary life and his life in the end the struggle and hard work.
Caravaggio has a self destructive personality, drinking, fighting, excessive gambling and lust that he fell in a wild reputation. But in the end he came to the death painfully. May be regarded as hopeless., perhaps was murdered, his death is still in doubt, inconclusive.
In 1610, Caravaggio wrote his two masterpiece "the last St. Peter's denial" (The Denial of Saint Peter) and "the martyrdom of St. Ursula" (The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula). At that time, he was in extremis: he killed the famous local pimp during a fight and fled to Rome, because Malta provocation Knights of Saint John senior leadership members of the FraGiovanni Rodomonte Roero was forced to leave Malta to hunt.
The exhibition is the first exhibition of the two paintings since 2004, and a rare opportunity to enjoy the full spectrum of the dark ages of artists.
The denial of St. Peter's (1610) was originally intended to make profit on the art market in Naples, which is now owned by Metropolitan Museum of Art. In the painting, when a soldier searches for a disciple of Jesus, a woman charges a saint as a disciple of Jesus. After referring to St. Peter's three denial of the phrase, Caravaggio painted a picture of a soldier holding up a finger, while the woman pointed out the other two fingers in the direction of the soldier.
Caravaggio "the martyrdom of St. Ursula" (The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula, 1610). Picture Courtesy: New York Metropolitan Museum of Art
In contrast, "the martyrdom of St. Ursula" (The Martyrdom of SaintUrsula, 1610) for the Genoa Marcantonio Doria noble private custom. This piece of picture is slightly larger, with reference to a spread from the end of third Century the medieval legend: a saint and 11000 followers on the road to the pilgrimage to Rome via Cologne stay, but found that Cologne City was the Huns siege and attack. The barbarian leader and pious Saint Ursula in love, when Ursula refused to move him further, head of angry, with arrows killed her, and her followers also rejected because the barbarian army ravaged and slaughtered.
Caravaggio painted these two pictures with his signature shading, which contrasts the dark background with the bright background, arousing a strong and suspense drama atmosphere. However, in the two final works, Caravaggio applied the shading method so far that most of the characters were concealed in darkness. According to the introduction of the exhibition, the change of style means that Caravaggio bears the burden of "evil and misfortune", which is why some scholars regard these two portraits as "the intersection of his personal career"".
The New York Metropolitan Museum of European painting department director Christiansen Keith told artnet news: "from Malta after the jailbreak fled to Sicily, and finally arrived in Naples, where he will pray in Rome on 1606 to commit murder forgiven. Later, he was attacked and disfigured, and rumours of his death were circulating in the city of Rome. That is, at that time, he created these two works. "
Although Caravaggio was in danger, we were able to see in these two paintings that he transformed his worrying mood into an intense and dramatic scene. Christiansen also said: "rapid strokes and minimal detail give viewers the attention to emotional and psychological changes.". "This style" is necessary, not just to enrich the description. "After finishing the painting, Caravaggio left Naples with these paintings and was soon arrested and died. "
Michelangelo Merisi Da Caravaggio (Michelangelo, Amerighi, Da, Caravaggio, 1569 - 1609) is considered to be the best artist in Italy in seventeenth Century. Picture: Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Rather than look at the paintings, the paintings of the last shadow style may tell us more artists last time. Andrew Graham-Dixon, a scholar who studies Caravaggio, believes that the Malta Cavaliers, who were provoked by Caravaggio, destroyed their own appearance, only to follow Caravaggio to Naples and complete their revenge. More importantly, the art historian also believes that the attack may have weakened the painter's vision and pen touch, so the two paintings are lighter and more blurred than his previous work.